Utilizing a thin plastic coating, a wire mesh stent is inserted into the blood vessel of the body via a small incision to serve as support for weakened or damaged sections. This mode of reinforcement comes in the form of an interwoven wire grid deployed and expanded into place within the vessel.
The abdominal aorta, the great sanguine river conveying life to our bodies, can sometimes buckle under its own swell, leading to abdominal aortic aneurysm. This sweltering balloon can burst and bring with it potentially lethal haemorrhaging. Wire mesh stents, however, may serve to abate these risks, maintaining the aorta’s sturdy columns and keeping it from buckling further.
Wire mesh stents offer a handy solution for people affected by the symptoms of peripheral artery disease. This condition arises when the arteries that carry blood to the lower limbs become partially obstructed, causing cramps, soreness, and making it difficult to walk. Installing a wire mesh stent can restore circulation by widening the affected passageways and allowing blood to flow normally once more.
Based on the size and area of a blood vessel, the selection of material used to make wire mesh stents varies; stainless steel, nitinol, and polyester are just some of the components that may be employed. To guarantee safe permanence and prevent mobility, the stent is protected by a thin plastic coating.
A wire mesh stent is usually inserted with the help of local anesthesia, given that a small incision is made by the doctor in the skin to accommodate it. After proper placement inside the blood vessel, the stent is gradually enlarged to the desired dimensions without any damage inflicted on the vessel itself.
Once the stent is properly situated, the opening made for its insertion will be closed up with either sutures or small metallic fasteners. This stitchwork or clamping should be taken out after 7 to 10 days.
Wire mesh stents are intended to stay put, however, if there is a cause for its removal due to a blockage or harm to the vessel, the stent can be taken out. In such cases, extricating the stent is necessary.
Despite being largely consistent in terms of security, there is a degree of risk associated with the use of wire mesh stents, ranging from minor bleeding to potential harm to the blood vessel caused by infection.
Abdominal aortic aneurysms and peripheral artery disease can be effectively managed with the use of wire mesh stents. These stents often consist of an assortment of materials, discreetly coated with a layer of plastic. To place them, a patient typically requires local anesthesia and the stents will remain inside the body long-term.